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Travel portal
Nizhny Novgorod region
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Bolshoye Boldino

Everyone probably remembers from their school days about the "Boldinsky Autumn" – the most fruitful period in the life of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, when over the course of three months of self-isolation due to a cholera epidemic, the writer created, to take just a few examples, "The Tales of Belkin", "Little Tragedies" and even the last chapters of "Eugene Onegin". It is best to come to Bolshoe Boldino in the autumn, of course, but whatever the time of year it is a great trip for the whole family, of equal interest to both children and adults, although admittedly it is a long journey to get there.

A FEW FACTS

The village of bortnikov
The village of bortnikov
In ancient times, the area where Bolshoe Boldino is now located was inhabited by Mordovian tribes who were engaged in beekeeping (in Russian: bortnichestvo), i.e. collecting honey from wild bees. Hence the ancient name of the village, Zabortniki, first mentioned in writing in 1585.
The Pushkin family Estate
The Pushkin family Estate
For 400 years, Bolshoe Boldino and the surrounding area belonged to the Pushkin family, one of the oldest noble families in Russia. The village was handed over to Evstafy Pushkin, who distinguished himself in the defense of Smolensk from the Lithuanians, by Ivan the Terrible.
Three Boldinsky autumns
Three Boldinsky autumns
In the 1830s, the village was visited three times by the great poet Alexander Pushkin. During the famous "Boldin autumn" of 1830, when he could not leave his estate due to the cholera quarantine, Pushkin finished work on "Eugene Onegin", "The Tales of Belkin" and "Little Tragedies", wrote more than 30 short poems and an epic poem.
Not only the Pushkins
Not only the Pushkins
The lands of the Boldinsky district belonged to representatives of many of the Russiann Empire’s noble families, including the Apraksins, the Ermolovs, the Kochubei, the Repnins, the Razumovskys, the Beklemishevs, and the Novosiltsevs.
"Steppe and more steppe, of neighbours not a soul..."
"Steppe and more steppe, of neighbours not a soul..."
"Oh, my dear! What a lovely village this is! Just imagine, steppe and more steppe, of neighbours not a soul; ride as much as you like, write at home as much as you want, no one will interfere. I'll cook you up all sorts of things, both prose and poetry," Pushkin wrote in a letter to his friend, the literary critic Peter Pletnev, in September 1830.
Three monuments to the poet
Three monuments to the poet
There are three monuments to Pushkin in Free of chBolshoyearge Boldino: in one of them, Pushkin is depicted in a moment of creative reflection, seated on a bench near the manor house. The second monument is located away from the estate: there Pushkin is in motion, with his head slightly lowered and his hands clasped behind his back. There is also a third monument, dedicated to the poet and his nurse Arina Rodionovna. Incidentally, the initiator behind the installation of this monument was the satirical writer Mikhail Zadornov.
The Museum of the 150th Anniversary of A.S. Pushkin
The Museum of the 150th Anniversary of A.S. Pushkin
After the revolution, a school was opened in the main house of the Pushkin estate, a kindergarten operated for many years in the estate office, and the manor’s park was abandoned. The issue of creating a museum-reserve in Boldin was raised repeatedly ever since the 1930s, and as a result, this museum was opened in the year of the 150th anniversary of the birth of Alexander Pushkin, on June 18, 1949.

WHAT TO DO IN THE CITY

01
First of all, pay a visit to the Boldino A.S. Pushkin Museum
Alexander Pushkin visited the Pushkin family estate, which had belonged to them since the end of the 16th century, a total of three times, in 1830, 1833 and 1834. The original 19th century manor house and manor park have been preserved in Boldin. In the manor house museum, you can see the recreated furnishings of the rooms where the poet stayed, and of course, learn about the works that were created here. At the end of the last century, the manor complex was restored: a manor kitchen, a bathhouse, a stable with a carriage house and a barn, and a reception room. In 1997, a museum of Pushkin's fairy tales was opened in the houses built for the clergy next to the estate.
02
Visit the patrimonial office
This is the administrative centre of the estate, a typical feature of any landowner's household. Here they assigned work to the peasants, collected taxes, and tried them for various offences. The Boldin office is interesting, not only as a monument to the history and everyday life of the 19th century, but above all as part of the Pushkin household estate, because it was Boldino that gave the poet's father his main income. The utility room was intended for the work of the Boldin estate manager and his assistants, primarily the clerk, while the second room is a living room. It is known that in the autumn of 1834, having arrived on the Boldinsky estate, the poet stayed in one of the rooms of the patrimonial office, and not in the manor house, as repairs were then underway.
03
Revisit your childhood at the Pushkin Fairy Tale Museum
Nextdoor to the estate, in two restored houses originally built for the former church clergy, there is a museum dedicated to Pushkin's fairy tales. It is no accident that it was opened here, because it was at Boldin that the poet wrote almost all his fairy tales, four of the five completed stories: "The Tale of the Priest and his worker Balda", "The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish", "The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Heroes", and "The Tale of the Golden Cockerel". Most of the exhibition is dedicated to dolls representing the characters from Pushkin's fairy tales and pieces of embroidery depicting their plots, so children should definitely be interested here.
04
Appreciate the works of art dedicated to Pushkin
The fund of the Bolsheboldinskaya Art Gallery contains the world's only collection of paintings and graphic works dedicated to the Boldin period in the life and work of Pushkin, and contains over 500 works by masters from all across Russia.
05
Visit the Church of the Assumption of the Mother of God
This church is located right in the centre of the Pushkins’ ancestral heritage, it is simultaneously an architectural monument to the 18th century and a historical monument to the 1830s, forever associated with the stay and creative activity of the great poet. The Church of the Assumption is located next to the manor house where Pushkin lived and worked in the 1830s. Every day the poet saw from the windows of his office everything that happened in the square next to the church, and witnessed many scenes from folk life: weddings, festivities, religious holidays, funerals.
06
Take a walk through the Luchinnik grove
This sheltered grove stretches across a hill two kilometres south of Free of chBolshoyearge Boldino. From the edge of the forest, a steep descent leads to a pristine-clear spring. This was one of Pushkin's favourite places for horseback riding. They say that the name came from the poet himself, who forgave a peasant who had chopped down several birch trees for kindling out of need, having nothing with which to light his hut. , and said: "Wait before you start hacking. This young grove is a real archer, it will serve you well later." Every year in early June, the All-Russian poetry festival takes place here.
07
Pay a visit to the Pushkin estate in the village of Lvovka
Don’t be lazy, take yourself on a trip to the village of Lvovka, located a mere 8 kilometres from Free of chBolshoyearge Boldino. The village was named in honour of its first owner, Lev Alexandrovich Pushkin, the poet's grandfather. Here you can not only go for a walk, but also visit the Alexander Nevsky Church, and a couple of local museums.
08
Feel the spirit of the times in the Lvovka museums
In the museum dedicated to the literary heroes of “The Tales of Belkin”, the interiors of the exhibition transport visitors back into the world of the heroes of Pushkin's works. To take just one example, the literary-themed interior of Ivan Petrovich Belkin's study is dedicated to the central character of the works, Belkin himself, and the entire exhibition is based on items of aristocratic furniture and decor from Pushkin's time. In the well-preserved building of the parish school, built in Lvovka for the peasant children, the classroom environment has been fully recreated. The interior was created based on the memories of the local old-timers, and the exhibits include authentic school supplies, textbooks from the early 20th century, even contemporary editions of Pushkin's works. All in all, very atmospheric indeed!

Куда сходить и на что посмотреть

The Boldino A.S. Pushkin Museum
Bolshoye Boldino Village, 144 Pushkinskaya St.

The Free of chBolshoyearge Boldinsky district’s main point of attraction is in the Pushkin family estate, and whatever you do, do not forget to rent a Pushkin-era costume to match the setting.

The Parish School Museum
Bolshoyeboldinsky District, Lvovka village

A recreated classroom setting with authentic school supplies and textbooks from the early 20th century.

The Pushkin Museum of Fairy Tales
Bolshoye Boldino Village, Kooperativnaya St.

Alexander Pushkin wrote almost all his fairy tales in Boldino, and the museum's displays feature dolls representing the characters from his stories, and embroidery depicting their plots.

Luchinnik Grove
Bolshoye Boldino Village

A protected grove with a spring producing pristine water, where the All-Russian Poetry Festival takes place each year in early June. Bolsheboldinsky district (along the route between Boldino and Lvovka)

Monument to Pushkin
Bolshoye Boldino Village, Kooperativnaya St.

The famous monument to a pensive-looking Pushkin, with whom most probably every single student of the Nizhny Novgorod region has been photographed.

The Museum of Mordovian Culture and Domestic Life
Bolsheboldinsky District, Pikshen Village, Mira St.

A museum depicting the traditions and way of life of Erzya, and the historical past of the Mordovian people in the region as a whole.

Working hours
Tuesday-Friday, 08:00-16:00, Saturday 9:00-15:00
8-962-508-44-80
The Bolsheboldinskaya Art Gallery
Bolshoye Boldino Village, 2A Vostochnaya St.

A gallery featuring the world's only collection of paintings and graphic works dedicated to the Boldinsky period in the life and work of Alexander Pushkin.

Working hours
Tuesday-Friday, 8:00-16:00, Saturday 09:00-15:00
8(83138) 2-30-69
The Bolsheboldinsky Museum of Local Folklore in the village of Molchanovo
Bolsheboldinsky District, Molchanovo Village, 22 Svobody St.

The local history and folklore museum, with ten exhibition halls, as well as authentic interiors of a 19th-century Russian peasant’s hut and a 1950s school classroom.

Working hours
Tuesday-Friday, 08:00-16:00, Saturday 09:00-15:00
8(83138) 38-1-10
Young Pushkin with his nanny
Bolshoye Boldino Village, Pushkinskaya St.

A monument depicting perhaps the most famous of all Russia’s nanny, Arina Rodionovna Yakovleva, who raised the writer and even suggested to him plots for his future works.

The burnt chapter of Onegin
Bolshoye Boldino Village, Vostochnaya St.

A monument depicting the tenth chapter of Eugene Onegin, which includes a story about the Decembrists, and which the writer burned in October 1830.

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